What types of offenses are covered by CVB?

CVB offenses are governed by 18 U.S.C. section 19. This statute specifically states that petty offenses include Class B misdemeanors, Class C misdemeanors, and infractions. We will also see Class A misdemeanors on the CVB docket. Here is a breakdown of the particulars for each type of citation:

Class A Misdemeanors: The maximum sentence is one year of imprisonment; a fine of up to $100,000; a $25 special assessment; a $25 CVB processing fee; and up to one year of supervised release or 5 years of probation.  Class A misdemeanors include some assaults, simple possession of drugs (for personal use), and petty thefts. For these cases, our clients will be tried before a U.S. District Court Judge, unless they consent to have a magistrate judge handle the case.

Class B misdemeanors: The maximum sentence is 6 months of imprisonment; a $5,000 fine;  a $10 special assessment; a $25 CVB processing fee; and up to one year of supervised release or 5 years of probation.  Many CVB offenses are Class B misdemeanors (DUIs, trespasses, and a host of other offenses).

Class C misdemeanors: The maximum sentence is 30 days of imprisonment, a $5,000 fine, a $5 special assessment; a $25 CVB processing fee; and one year of supervised release or 5 years of probation. 

Infractions: These are offenses for which the maximum sentence is a 5-day jail term, a fine of up to $5,000, one year of probation, a $5 special assessment and a $25 CVB processing fee.